Mass Media in Mexico
In Mexico, almost 300 daily newspapers are published with a total circulation of around 10 million. The largest are released in Ciudad de México. These include the sports newspaper Esto (circulation about 400 000), La Prensa (circulation about 270 000), El Heraldo de México (circulation about 210 000) and Excélsior (circulation about 200 000). The number of newspapers has varied greatly, and the publishing has spread to over 80 cities. Most newspapers are independent, although one chain, El Sol de México, led by Mario Vázquez Raña, publishes over 30 daily newspapers.
Mexico has over 1300 commercial radio stations and approx. 470 television stations. In addition, state-owned radio and television stations come with special program and teaching services. Television broadcasts started in 1950. The two largest television companies are Televisa (one of Latin America’s largest TV producers, who also broadcast via satellite to Europe (Galavisión) and which has TV interests in other Latin American countries and the United States) and Televisión Azteca (a former state corporation (Imevision), privatized 1993.
Mass Media in Canada
As the largest country in North America by area ranked by Countryaah, Canada has 102 daily newspapers with a total circulation of approximately 5.1 million copies daily and 30.4 million copies weekly (2015). There are 90 payment newspapers and 12 free newspapers.
The country’s vast expanse has long prevented the rise of nationwide newspapers. Only in 1998 was the first truly nationwide newspaper, the National Post, established (circulation 142 509 daily, 132 116 Saturdays, 2013). The Canadian press is therefore mainly regional and local in terms of substance selection, distribution and political influence. Nevertheless, since 1981, Toronto’s The Globe and Mail has come out with a national edition, based on satellite transmission to printing companies around the country.
Canada’s largest newspapers are the afternoon newspapers Toronto Star (, founded in 1892; circulation 302,899 weekdays, 546,819 Saturdays, 336,846 Sundays, 2010) and The Globe and Mail (founded in 1844; circulation 291,571 weekdays, 354,850 Saturdays, 2013).
The largest French-language newspaper is La Presse (Montreal, founded in 1884; circulation 204,948 weekdays, 263,888 Saturdays, 2011), followed by Le Journal de Montréal (founded in 1964, circulation 268,561 weekdays, 291,943 Saturdays, 267,168 Sundays, 2010).
Canada’s oldest newspaper is the Montreal Gazette (Montreal, founded in 1778, circulation 116,446 weekdays, 133,438 Saturdays, 2012).
Over 80 daily and weekly newspapers are aimed at special ethnic groups and are published in a total of about 20 different languages. Magazines and magazines from the United States are sold in large editions in Canada and compete with the country’s own publications.
Canada’s newspaper market is dominated by major newspaper groups, and the two largest, Hollinger Inc. and Quebecor Inc., control over half of the newspaper circulation.
Thomson Newspapers Corporation, which was previously one of the two largest Canadian newspaper owners, has liquidated many of its holdings, but has retained The Globe and Mail through Bell Globe Media. The group now has about 10 per cent of the newspaper market.
Other major newspaper companies are Can West Global Communications Corp and Torstar. Newspapers independent of newspaper groups account for only 17 percent of the total circulation.
Radio and television
The national, state-owned broadcasting company Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC, French name Société Radio-Canada, SRC), founded in 1936, broadcasts radio on five and television on seven national channels distributed on English-language and French-language channels. A dedicated Northern Service is responsible for radio and television broadcasts to Arctic Canada under the names CBS North and Radio-Canada North; these are also sent in Native American and Inuit languages. CBC is mainly financed through public grants, but also receives revenue from advertising. There are over 400 private radio and television stations, which in many cases co-operate with CBC on distribution of national programs.
Alongside the CBC are independent local radio stations and the private network CTV Television Network, which, among other things, broadcast various satellite broadcasts and broadcasts from the major US television networks. Cable television is very widespread (in 90 per cent of households) and the individual cable companies provide up to 60 different channels. Pay TV was introduced in 1983. Digital television was introduced in 2011.