In the Second World War it suffered British bombing. Later, between 1949 and 1952, there were political-financial controversies with the Italian government and some tension was created. But an agreement between August 1951 and April 1952 restored traditional friendship relations. The controversy with the British government, which arose for compensation for the damages resulting from the air raids, remained unfinished.
Until 1957, the Republic of San Marino ruled with an uninterrupted government made up of socialists and communists. But the majority was so small that when 6 left-wing councilors resigned and passed the opposition, the regent captains dissolved the Council and established new elections.
According to Abbreviationfinder, an acronym site which also features history of San Marino, the opposition considered this unconstitutional and moved to Rimini where on 1 October a provisional government was elected which was immediately recognized by Italy. The next day the regent captains turned to the United Nations to resolve the matter and on 11 October the government left power. As new elections were being prepared, some outstanding problems with the Italian government were also resolved.
The new elections took place on September 13, 1959. With a special electoral law, all San Marino residents residing abroad were invited to vote in person; most of them, residing in Italy, certainly did not vote in favor of the leftists, so much so that there was a majority for the Christian Democrats and independent Social Democrats. The new government began its innovative program by abolishing most of the reforms introduced by the left. And while agriculture remained in the traditional forms, in the small republic there was a considerable development of tourism, also due to the proximity of the magnificent seaside beaches of Romagna from which tourists left also for a daily excursion to the Republic of Titan.
But the leftists returned to government in 1974 after a sharp rise in the socialist party to the detriment of the coalition in office. The communist party also made little progress. Meanwhile in 1973 an important event had led to the elimination of discrimination relating to women who until then had not had access to public office. With these last elections, 4 women entered Parliament: Mrs. C. Boscaglia was appointed Minister of Public Works.
In foreign policy, San Marino maintained excellent relations with Italy and with all foreign states. A small state delegation was also received in Beijing by the then Maoist government.
In internal politics San Marino has always been linked to the evolution of Italy, also suffering from its economic crises.
In 1975 a controversy arose between the two governing parties, the Christian Democrat and the Socialist, following the latter’s request for greater openness to the Communists. Throughout 1976, disputes and dissensions alternated until the government crisis was declared in November 1977. The Christian Democrats, absolutely opposed to the entry of the communists into the government, renounced the assignment for which the regent captains entrusted it to the communists. The formation of the majority was not possible precisely because of the Christian Democrat refusal. On December 29 the communists gave up the post which was then entrusted to the socialists. And since these also renounced, it was necessary to go to early elections.
These took place in May 1978 and it was possible to form a government led by the communists in coalition with the socialists and the unitary socialists. San Marino therefore became the only one of the western countries led by a communist team.
This government immediately approved some important laws, such as that which established the maintenance of citizenship for women married to foreign citizens and the law for which Sanmarinese citizenship was granted to all foreigners residing in San Marino for at least 30 years.
In 1986 a financial scandal involved some socialist elements of the government for which their resignation was necessary. The resulting crisis led to new general elections in 1988 following which a coalition government between Christian Democrats and Communists was formed.
When in 1990 Achille Occhetto, leader of the Italian Communist Party, started a profound change within the cadres and also in ideology, San Marino also changed its name to its Communist Party and called it Progressive Democratic Party. In the same year there was also the merger between the two existing socialist parties which became a single Socialist Party of San Marino.
In March 1992 San Marino joined the United Nations and in the same month a new coalition government was formed with the exclusion of the Progressive Democratic Party. In September of the same year, San Marino became part of the International Monetary Fund.
With the general political elections of May 1993, the two Christian Democrat and Socialist parties had the majority, which then formed a two-colored government.
This government coalition was also confirmed by the elections of May 31, 1998.
The Christian Democratic Party had 25 seats, the Socialist Party had 14 seats and the Progressive Democratic Party (aka communists) won 11.